Elimination of Double Taxation
(1) The laws in force in either of the Contracting States shall continue to govern the taxation of income in the respective Contracting State except where express provisions to the contrary are made in this Convention.
(2) Double taxation shall be avoided in the case of India as follows:
- (a) Where a resident of India derives income which, in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, may be taxed in Japan, India shall allow as a deduction from the tax on the income of that resident an amount equal to the Japanese tax paid in Japan, whether directly or by deduction Such deduction in either case shall not, however, exceed that part of the income-tax (as computed before the deduction is given) which is attributable, as the case may be, to the income which may be taxed in Japan. Further, where such resident is a company by which surtax is payable in India, the deduction in respect of income-tax paid in Japan shall be allowed in the first instance from income-tax payable by the company in India and as to the balance, if any, from surtax payable by it in India.
- (b) Where a resident of India derives income which, in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, shall be taxable only in Japan, India may include this income in the tax base but shall allow as a deduction from the income-tax that part of the income-tax which is attributable, as the case may be, to the income derived from Japan.
- (c) [DELETED]
(3) Subject to the laws of Japan regarding the allowance as a credit against Japanese tax of tax payable in any country other than Japan:
- (a) Where a resident of Japan derives income from India which may be taxed in India in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, the amount of Indian tax payable in respect of that income shall be allowed as a credit against the Japanese tax imposed on that resident. The amount of credit, however, shall not exceed that part of the Japanese tax which is appropriate to that income.
- (b) Where the income derived from India is a dividend paid by a company which is a resident of India to a company which is a resident of Japan and which owns not less than 25 per cent either of the voting shares of the company paying the dividend, or of the total shares issued by that company, the credit shall take into account the Indian tax payable by the company paying the dividend in respect of its income.
- (c) For the purposes of the credit referred to in sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) above, there shall be deemed to have been paid by the taxpayer the amount which would have been paid as Indian tax under the laws of India and in accordance with this Convention if the Indian tax had not been reduced or relieved in accordance with the special incentive measures designed to promote economic development in India, effective on the date of signature of this Convention or which may be introduced in future in the Indian tax laws in modification of or in addition to the existing measures, provided that an agreement is made between the two Governments in respect of the scope of the benefit accorded to the taxpayer by the said measures.