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9.1. Unilateral and Treaty Based Methods Available for the Elimination or Mitigation of Double Taxation

Unilateral relief is available under Ghana tax laws i.e. a credit for the foreign taxes is allowed to the residents on certain incomes against the tax charged in Ghana. The foreign tax credit is limited to the average rate of Ghanaian income tax of the resident for a year.

Below is a summary of the available methods for various income tax streams based on domestic law.

Royalty Copyright OC
Capital Gains OC
Dividends OC
Interest OC
Royalty Patent OC
Sales OC
Service Management OC
Service Technical OC
Royalty Trademark OC

The credit column shows the type of foreign tax credit granted when the receiving country receives a payment.  Four abbreviations are used for the type of foreign tax credit available:

  • NC means no credit but foreign withholding taxes can be deducted.
  • OC means ordinary credit, i.e., credit for foreign withholding taxes (e.g., withholding taxes).
  • IC means indirect credit, i.e., credit for underlying corporate taxes as well as foreign withholding taxes.
  • ND means no credit and no deduction for any foreign withholding taxes incurred.