(1) For the purposes of this Convention, the term "resident of a Contracting State" means any person who, under the laws of that State, is liable to tax therein by reason of his domicile, residence, place of management or any other criterion of a substantially similar nature.
However, this term does not include any person who is liable to tax in that State only in respect of income from sources situated in that State.
(2) Where, by reason of the provisions of paragraph (1) of this Article, an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, then his or her status shall be determined as follows:
- (a) this person shall be deemed to be a resident only of the Contracting State in which he or she has a permanent home available to him or her. If he or she has a permanent home available to him or her in both Contracting States, he or she shall be deemed to be a resident of the Contracting State in which his or her center of vital interests, that is, the centre with which his or her personal and economic relations, are closer.
- (b) if the Contracting State in which such person has his or her centre of vital interests cannot be determined, or if he or she does not have a permanent home available to him or her in either Contracting State, he or she shall be deemed to be a resident of the Contracting State of which he or she has a habitual abode;
- (c) if such person has a habitual abode in both States or in neither of them, he or she shall be deemed to be a resident only of the Contracting State of which he or she is a national;
- (d) if such person is a national of both Contracting States or of neither of them, the competent authorities of the Contracting States shall settle the question by mutual agreement.
(3) For the purposes of this Convention, the domicile of bodies corporate shall be at the place of the registered office, the domicile of partnerships of individuals having no corporate entity shall be the place of their effective management.