(1) For the purposes of this Convention, the term "resident of a Contracting State" means any person who under the laws of that State is liable to tax therein, by reason of his residence, place of effective management, place of incorporation, including one of its political subdivision or local authorities or any other criterion of a similar nature. However, this term shall not include any person who is subject to tax therein only in respect of income or capital from sources situated in that Contracting State.
(2) Where, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (1) of this Article, an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, then his legal status shall be determined as follows:
- (a) he shall be deemed to be a resident of the State in which he has a permanent home available to him. If he has a permanent home available to him in both States, he shall be deemed to be a resident of the State with which his personal and economic relations are closer (centre of vital interests);
- (b) if it cannot be determined in which Contracting State his centre of vital interests is situated, or if he does not have a permanent home available to him in either State, he shall be deemed to be a resident of the Contracting State in which he has a habitual abode;
- (c) if he has a habitual abode in both Contracting States or in neither of them, he shall be deemed to be a resident of the Contracting State of which he is a national;
- (d) if he is a national of both Contracting States or of neither of them, the competent authorities of the Contracting States shall settle the question by mutual agreement.
(3) Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph (1) of this Article, a person other than an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, then such person shall be deemed to a resident of the State in which its place of effective management is situated.