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Note: This Treaty may be impacted by the Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent BEPS (MLI). MLI impact on Tax Treaties is available with the Orbitax International Tax Research & Compliance Expert.


General Definitions

(1) For the purposes of this Convention, unless the context otherwise requires:

  • (a) the term "India" means the territory of India and includes the territorial sea and airspace above it, as well as any other maritime zone in which India has sovereign rights, other rights and jurisdiction, according to the Indian law and in accordance with international law, including the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea;
  • (b) the term "Jordan" means the territories of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, the territorial waters of Jordan and airspace above it, and the seabed and subsoil of the territorial waters, and includes any area extending beyond the limits of the territorial waters of Jordan, and the seabed and subsoil of any such area, which has been or may hereafter be designated, under the laws of Jordan, and in accordance with international law as an area over which Jordan has sovereign rights for the purposes of exploring and exploiting the natural resources, whether living or non-living;
  • (c) the term "person" includes an individual, a company, a body of persons and any other entity which is treated as a taxable unit under the taxation laws in force in the respective Contracting States;
  • (d) the term "company" means any body corporate or any entity which is treated as a body corporate for tax purposes;
  • (e) the terms "enterprise of a Contracting State" and "enterprise of the other Contracting State" mean respectively an enterprise carried on by a resident of a Contracting State and an enterprise carried on by a resident of the other Contracting State;
  • (f) the term "international traffic" means any transport by a ship or aircraft operated by an enterprise which is a resident of a Contracting State, except when the ship or aircraft is operated solely between places in the other Contracting State;
  • (g) the term "competent authority" means:
    • (i) in India: the Central Government in the Ministry of Finance (Department of Revenue) or their authorised representative;
    • (ii) in Jordan: the Minister of Finance or his authorised representative.
  • (h) the term "national" means:
    • (i) any individual possessing the nationality of a Contracting State;
    • (ii) any legal person, partnership or association deriving its status as such from the laws in force in a Contracting State.
  • (i) the term "fiscal year" means:
    • (i) in the case of India, "previous year" as defined under section 3 of the Income-tax Act, 1961;
    • (ii) in the case of Jordan "the year" as defined in Article 2 of the Income-tax Law (57 of 1985);
  • (j) the term "tax" means Indian tax or Jordanian tax, as the context requires, but shall not include any amount which is payable in respect of any default or omission in relation to the taxes to which this Convention applies or which represents a penalty or fine imposed relating to those taxes;
  • (k) the terms "a Contracting State" and "the other Contracting State" mean the Republic of India or the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan as the context requires.

(2) As regards the application of the Convention by a Contracting State any term not defined therein shall, unless the context otherwise requires, have the meaning which it has under the law of that State concerning the taxes to which the Convention applies.