(1) For the purposes of this Convention, the term "permanent establishment" means a fixed place of business through which the business of an enterprise is wholly or partly carried on.
(2) The term "permanent establishment" includes especially:
- (a) a place of management;
- (b) a branch;
- (c) an office;
- (d) a factory;
- (e) a workshop; and
- (f) a mine, an oil or gas well, a quarry or any other place of extraction of natural resources or any activities related thereof including an offshore drilling site.
(3) Likewise the term "permanent establishment" encompasses:
- (a) a building site, a construction, assembly or installation project, or supervisory activities in connection therewith or drilling rig or ship used for the exploring or exploiting of natural resources constitute a permanent establishment, but only if such site, project or activities last for a period or periods exceeding, in the aggregate, of more than 6 months in any twelve month period;
- (b) the rendering of services in a Contracting State, including consulting services, by an enterprise through employees or other personnel engaged by the enterprise, but only where these employees or personnel are present in that Contracting State for the performance of the same or connected project, during a period or periods aggregating more than 6 months in any twelve month period.
(4) An enterprise of a Contracting State shall be deemed to have a permanent establishment in the other Contracting State if mechanical or scientific equipment or machinery is used for more than 6 months or installed, in that other Contracting State by, for or under contract with the enterprise.
(5) Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this Article, the term "permanent establishment" shall be deemed not to include:
- (a) the use of facilities solely for the purpose of storage, display or delivery of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise;
- (b) the maintenance of a stock of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise solely for the purpose of storage or display or delivery;
- (c) the maintenance of a stock of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise solely for the purpose of processing by another enterprise;
- (d) the maintenance of a fixed place of business solely for the purpose of purchasing goods or merchandise or of collecting information, for the enterprise;
- (e) the maintenance of a fixed place of business solely for the purpose of carrying on activities for the enterprise of a preparatory or auxiliary character;
- (f) the maintenance of a fixed place of business solely for any combination of activities mentioned in sub-paragraphs (a) to (e), provided that the overall activity of the fixed place of business resulting from this combination is of a preparatory or auxiliary character.
(6) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, where a person, other than an agent of an independent status to whom the provisions of paragraph 7 apply, is acting in a Contracting State on behalf of an enterprise of the other Contracting State, said enterprise shall be deemed to have a permanent establishment in the first mentioned Contracting State with respect to any activities that said person undertakes for the enterprise if such person:
- (a) has, and habitually exercises, in that Contracting State an authority to conclude contracts in the name of the enterprise, unless the activities of such person are limited to those mentioned in paragraph 5 which, if exercised through a fixed place of business, would not make this fixed place of business a permanent establishment under the provisions of that paragraph; or
- (b) Has no such powers, but habitually maintains in the first mentioned Contracting State a warehouse for goods or merchandise which is regularly used to deliver goods or merchandise in the name of the enterprise, if the goods or merchandise are sold in the Contracting State where the warehouse is located.
(7) An enterprise of a Contracting State shall not be deemed to have a permanent establishment in a Contracting State merely because it carries on business in that State through a broker, general commission agent or any other agent of an independent status, provided that such persons are acting in the ordinary course of their business. However, when the activities of such an agent are devoted wholly or almost wholly on behalf of that enterprise, and conditions are made or imposed between that enterprise and the agent in their commercial and financial relations which differ from those which would have been made between independent enterprises, he will not be considered an agent of an independent status within the meaning of this paragraph.
(8) Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this Article, an insurance enterprise of a Contracting State shall, except in regard to reinsurance, be deemed to have a permanent establishment in the other Contracting State if it collects premiums in the territory of that State or insures risks situated therein through a person other than an agent of independent status to whom paragraph 7 applies.
(9) Notwithstanding the provision of paragraph 8 of this Article, insurance companies that are owned or controlled by a Contracting State or its local governments or local authorities shall be treated differently for tax purposes and shall be subject to tax only in the State of residence.
(10) The fact that a company which is a resident of a Contracting State controls or is controlled by a company which is a resident of the other Contracting State, or which carries on business in that other State (whether through a permanent establishment or otherwise), shall not of itself constitute either company a permanent establishment of the other.