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Note: This Treaty may be impacted by the Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent BEPS (MLI). MLI impact on Tax Treaties is available with the Orbitax International Tax Research & Compliance Expert.


Independent Personal Services

(1) Income derived by an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State in respect of professional services or other activities of an independent character shall be taxable only in that Contracting State except in any of the following circumstances, when such income may also be taxed in the other Contracting State:

  • (a) If he has a fixed base regularly available to him in the other Contracting Stale for the purpose of performing his activities; in that case only so much of the income as is attributable to that fixed base may be taxed in that other Contracting State;
  • (b) If his stay in the other Contracting State is for a period or periods amounting to or exceeding in the aggregate 183 days in 12 month period commencing or ending in the fiscal year concerned; in that case only so much of the income as is derived in that other Contracting State during the aforesaid period or periods may be taxed in that other Contracting State.

(2) The term "professional services" includes especially independent scientific, literary, artistic, educational or teaching activities as well as the independent activities of physicians, lawyers, engineers, architects, dentists and accountants.