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Note: This Treaty may be impacted by the Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent BEPS (MLI). MLI impact on Tax Treaties is available with the Orbitax International Tax Research & Compliance Expert.

ARTICLE 7

Business Profits

(1) Profits of an enterprise of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that State unless the enterprise carries on business in the other Contracting State through a permanent establishment situated therein. If the enterprise carries on or has carried on business as aforesaid, the profits of the enterprise may be taxed in the other State but only so much of them as is attributable to that permanent establishment. The profits of the enterprise shall be attributed to that permanent establishment if they arise from:

  • (a) business activities carried on through that permanent establishment;
  • (b) sales in that other Contracting State of goods or merchandise of the same or similar kind as those sold through that permanent establishment; or
  • (c) other business activities carried on in that other Contracting State of the same or similar kind as those effected through that permanent establishment.

(2) Subject to the provisions of paragraph 3 below, where an enterprise of a Contracting State carries on business in the other Contracting State through a permanent establishment situated therein, there shall in each Contracting State be attributed to that permanent establishment the profits which it might be expected to make if it were a distinct and separate enterprise engaged in the same or similar activities under the same or similar conditions and dealing wholly independently with the enterprise of which it is a permanent establishment.

(3) In determining the profits of a permanent establishment, there shall be allowed as deductions expenses which are incurred for the purposes of the permanent establishment, including executive and general administrative expenses so incurred, whether in the State in which the permanent establishment is situated or elsewhere. For such purposes, there shall in each Contracting State be computed only the expenses which are deductible by the permanent establishment under their tax laws.

(4) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, profits of an enterprise of a Contracting State derived from insurance and re-insurance activities by insuring property situated in the other Contracting State or persons who are residents thereof at the moment of signature of the insurance contract, may be taxable in that other State, whether or not the enterprise carries on those activities through a permanent establishment situated therein.

(5) For the purposes of the preceding paragraphs, the profits to be attributed to the permanent establishment shall be determined by the same method year by year unless there is good and sufficient reason to the contrary.

(6) Where profits include items of income which are dealt with separately in other Articles of this Convention, then the provisions of those Articles shall not be affected by the provisions of this Article.