background image
Note: This Treaty may be impacted by the Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent BEPS (MLI). MLI impact on Tax Treaties is available with the Orbitax International Tax Research & Compliance Expert.

ARTICLE 3

General Definitions

(1) For the purposes of this Convention, unless the context otherwise requires:

  • (a) the term "Spain" means the Kingdom of Spain and, when used in a geographical sense, means the territory of the Kingdom of Spain, including inland waters, the air space, the territorial sea and any area outside the territorial sea upon which, in accordance with international law and on application of its domestic legislation, the Kingdom of Spain exercises or may exercise in the future jurisdiction or sovereign rights with respect to the seabed, its subsoil and superjacent waters, and their natural resources;
  • (b) the term "Andorra" means the territory of the Principality of Andorra and, when used in a geographical sense, means the territory of the Principality of Andorra;
  • (c) the terms "a Contracting State" and "the other Contracting State" mean Spain or Andorra as the context requires;
  • (d) the term "person" includes an individual, a company and any other body of persons;
  • (e) the term "company" means any body corporate or any entity that is treated as a body corporate for tax purposes;
  • (f) the term "enterprise" applies to the carrying on of any business;
  • (g) the terms "enterprise of a Contracting State" and "enterprise of the other Contracting State" mean respectively an enterprise carried on by a resident of a Contracting State and an enterprise carried on by a resident of the other Contracting State;
  • (h) the term "international traffic" means any transport by a ship or aircraft operated by an enterprise that has its place of effective management in a Contracting State, except when the ship or aircraft is operated solely between places in the other Contracting State;
  • (i) the term "competent authority" means:
    • (i) in the case of Spain, the Minister of Finance and Public Administration or his authorised representative;
    • (ii) in the case of Andorra, the Minister in charge of finance or his authorised representative;
  • (j) the term "national" means:
    • (i) any individual possessing the nationality of a Contracting State;
    • (ii) any legal person, partnership or association deriving its status as such from the laws in force in a Contracting State;
  • (k) the term "business" includes the performance of professional services and of other activities of an independent character.

(2) As regards the application of the Convention at any time by a Contracting State, any term not defined therein shall, unless the context otherwise requires, have the meaning that it has at that time under the law of that State for the purposes of the taxes to which the Convention applies, any meaning under the applicable tax laws of that State prevailing over a meaning given to the term under other laws of that State.